Scala 範例程式 - 屬性 (Properties)

原始程式:properties.scala

/** Illustrate the use of custom 'apply/update' methods. */
object properties {

  /** A mutable property whose getter and setter may be customized. */
  case class Property[T](init: T) {
    private var value: T = init

    /** The getter function, defaults to identity. */
    private var setter: T => T = identity[T]

    /** The setter function, defaults to identity. */
    private var getter: T => T = identity[T]

    /** Retrive the value held in this property.   */
    def apply(): T = getter(value)

    /** Update the value held in this property, through the setter. */
    def update(newValue: T) = value = setter(newValue)

    /** Change the getter. */
    def get(newGetter: T => T) = { getter = newGetter; this }

    /** Change the setter */
    def set(newSetter: T => T) = { setter = newSetter; this }
  }

  class User {
    // Create a property with custom getter and setter
    val firstname = Property("")
      .get { v => v.toUpperCase() }
      .set { v => "Mr. " + v }
    val lastname = Property("<noname>")

    /** Scala provides syntactic sugar for calling 'apply'. Simply
     *  adding a list of arguments between parenthesis (in this case,
     *  an empty list) is translated to a call to 'apply' with those
     *  arguments.
     */
    override def toString() = firstname() + " " + lastname()
  }

  def main(args: Array[String]) {
    val user1 = new User

    // Syntactic sugar for 'update': an assignment is translated to a
    // call to method 'update'
    user1.firstname() = "Robert"

    val user2 = new User
    user2.firstname() = "bob"
    user2.lastname() = "KUZ"

    println("user1: " + user1)
    println("user2: " + user2)
  }

}

執行結果:

D:\scala>scalac properties.scala

D:\scala>scala properties
user1: MR. ROBERT <noname>
user2: MR. BOB KUZ
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