自然語言處理系統的歷史

自然語言

前言

簡介

歷史

理論篇

知識表達

語法理論

語意理論

語用理論

方法篇

規則比對

機率統計

神經網路

應用篇

語料建構

全文檢索

自動分類

自動摘要

機器翻譯

問答系統

中文處理

程式篇

交談程式

英漢翻譯

維基語料

搜尋引擎

相關資源

語料辭典

程式工具

相關網站

相關文獻

網頁列表

統計資訊

最新修改

訊息

相關網站

參考文獻

最新修改

簡體版

English

Year Name Description Reference
1961 BASEBALL Answered queries about 1959 AL baseball season Green et al. (1963)
1963 SAD SAM Analyzed English statement about kinship terms indsay (1963)
1963 STUDENT Solved English algebra problems Bobrow (1963)
1964 SIR Logical relationships Raphael (1964)
1966 PROTOSYNTHEX Retrieval of facts about texts from a database Simmons et al. (1966)
1969 QA3 General purpos deduction and question answering Green (1969)
1971 LUNAR Retrieved information from NASA database of rock samples brought back from moon. First program to utilize augmented transition network. Woods and Kaplan (1971)
1972 MARGIE Conceptual dependency parser, inferencer and generator. Schank (1975)
1972 SHRDLU Interface to "blocks" micro world. Integrated syntax semantics and pragmatics. Highly influential to natural language research that followed. Winograd (1972)
1973 TQA Natural language interface based on parser which utilizes transformational grammar Patrick (1973)
1973 GSP General syntactic parser Kaplan (1973)
1974 RENDEZVOUS Natural language interface to relational database. Codd (1974)
1975 ELI Conceptual dependency parser Riesbeck (1976)
1975 PLANES Commercially-oriented military front end for air-plane maintenance database Waltz (1975); Waltz et al. (1976)
1975 REL Commerically-oriented database retrieval Thompson and Thompson (1975)
1977 ROBOT Commercially-oriented NL interface designed for commercial use and sold as INTELLECT. Harris (1977;1978)
1977 GUS Frame-driven interface to Official Airline Guide. Bobrow et al. (1977)
1977 LIFER Commercial-oriented NL interface facility used as basis for LADDER. Hendrix (1977)
1977 LADDER Commercial-oriented natrual language interface Sacerdoti (1977); Hendrix et al. (1978)
1977 CO-OP Investigated cooperative understanding in conversational situations. Joshi, Kaplan, Lee (1977)
1978 PAM Read and understood stories involving human planning. Wilensky (1978; 1983)
1978 SAM First script based natural language system Cullingford (1978)
1978 PARSIFAL Models human natural language syntactic Marcus (1978)
1979 CA Conceptual analysis parser. Birnbaum and Selfridge Templeton (1979)
1979 EUFID Commercially-oriented natural language front end Birnbaum and Selfridge Templeton (1979)
1979 OPUS Read descriptions of physical objects and represented them in memory Lehnert and Burstein (1979)
1979 FRUMP Commercially-oriented. Read and summarized news paper stories.
1980 IPP Read, understood and learned about terrorists by reading newspaper stories. Lebowitz (1980)
1980 ABDUL Argued conversationally about genesis of 1967 Birnbaum, Flowers and McGuire (1980)
1980 CYRUS Acquired through news-paper reading and simulated memory of Cyrus Vance. Kolodner (1980)
1981 BORIS Integrated processing of a variety of knowledge structures. Lehnert et al. (1981), Dyer (1982;1983)
1986 EAZYTALK A natural language interface to a business database. Steven P. Shwartz (1987)
1990 SCISOR Extracting information from on-line news Jacob and Rau (1990)

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