再探概念依存理論

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簡體版

English

Composites

  • C :
    • conceptualization that compose from Primitive and connector.
  • Link
    • Actor <=> Action
    • Object <=> State
  • Link Modifier
p    : past
f    : future
(null)     : present
ts = x    : begin a relatioln at time x,
tf = x : end a relation at time x
c    : conditional
/    : negation,
?    : question.

CD structure

PP<=>C PP can be described by conceptualization in which they occur.
PP<=>ACT indicates that an actor acts.
PP<=>PA indicates that an object has a certain attribute
PP<=>PP one PP is equivalent to or an instance of another PP
PP1<- PP2 indicates PP2 is either the PART OF or the POSSESSOR OF PP1.
PA2<-PP<-PA1 indicates a state change of an object.
ACT [O] <- PP indicates the object of an action
ACT <-[O] C MTRANS requires conceptualizations or combinations of conceptualizations as objects, and MBUILD has its own special object type.
ACT <-[I] C ACTs have conceptualizations as instruments.
ACT<-AA ACTs can be varied along certain dimensions (e.q. , speed for motion ACTs).
ACT[I] <- I indicates the instrumental conceptualization for an action
PP<-[R] ACT <-PP indicates the receipent and the donor of an object with in an action
PP<-[D] ACT <-PP indicates that direction of an object within an action
X <-[R] Y indicate that conceputalization X caused conceptualization Y. When written with a “c” this form denotes that X COULD cause Y
X <-[E] S or S1 <-S2 State or State change can enable conceptualizations to occur.
T<-C conceptualizations have times
LOC<-C conceptualizations have location

Rieger's 1975

Inference Type Example
Specification inference John picked up a rock. He hit Bill.=> John hit Bill with the rock.
Causative inference John hit mary with a rock => John was probably mad at Mary
Resultative inference Mary gave John a car => John has the car
Motivational inference John hit Mary => John probably wanted Mary to be hurt
Enablement inference Pete went to Europe => Where did he get the money
Function inference John wants the book => John probably want to read it
Enablement-Prediction inference Dick looked in his cook book to find out how to make a roux => Dick will now begin to make a roux.
Missing enablement inference Mary couldn't see the horses finish. She cursed the man in front of her. => The man blocked her vision
Intervenion inference The baby ran into the street. Mary ran after him => Mary want to prevent the baby from getting hurt
Action prediction inference John wanted some nails =>He went to the hardware store.
Knowledge propogation inference Pete told Bill that Mary hit John with a bet => Bill knew that John had been hurt
Normative inference Does Pete have a gall bladder ? => Its highly likely.
State duration inference John handed a book to Mary yesterday. Is Mary still holding it => Probably not.
Feature inference Andy's diaper is wet. => Andy is probably a baby
Situation inference Mary is going to a masquerade. => She will probably wear a costume
Utterance-intent inference Mary coundn't jump the fence => Why did she want to ?

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